The Indiana University School of Education is splitting into two separate schools, one on the Bloomington campus and one at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.
The IU Board of Trustees approved the split, 8-0, at its meeting Friday. Trustee James Morris was not present.
Terry Mason, the education school's dean, said the change will likely take place next year.
"Now it comes back to us," he said. "We have to rewrite policies, establish core campuses and conduct dean searches for both campuses."
Mason's two-year appointment ends in August 2018.
The decision to split the schools has been in the works for some time. In remarks to the board, IU President Michael McRobbie explained the IU Bicentennial Strategic Plan called for an evaluation of the School of Education to ensure it's suited to meet the educational challenges of the next century.
"The process was started, and it quickly became apparent that if progress was to be made on this goal, the continuing viability of the school as a core school needed to be assessed," he said.
A committee of 20 faculty and staff members from both campuses was formed in spring 2016 to evaluate the school's structure. The committee produced a report that found widespread support for separation. Two votes were taken on the matter. The University Faculty Council conducted one that found 108 out of 122 faculty members voting in favor of separation.